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Home >> INDIAN RAILWAYS

 
INDIAN RAILWAYS: THE LIFE LINE OF THE NATION


A rail system in India was first proposed in 1832, which never materialize. However in September 1842 the British Civil Engineer Mr. Vignoles, submitted a report on the proposed Railway in India.  The then Governor General of India Lord Hardinge deliberated on the proposal more from the Military and political point of view then the commercial one.

With the result by 1845 two companies, the East Indian Railway Company operating from Calcutta and The Great Indian Peninsula Railway operating from Bombay were formed.


The first train in India which ran between Roorkee in Uttrakhand, then in United Province, and Piran Kaliyar 10 kmt away from Roorkee was basically a goods train, used for the hauling of construction material to the site of Upper Ganga Canal Project. India’s first rail locomotive, named Mary Lind, ran here on December 22nd, 1851.  On April 16, 1853, the first passenger train between Bori Bunder, Bombay, and Thana covering a distance of 34 kmt was inaugurated, formally heralding the birth of Railways in India.

 

From 1853 till 1900 the growth of Indian Railways was tremendous.  During this time India had started building its own locomotives, and sent engineers and locomotives to help build the Ugandan Railways.


By 1900 the Great Indian Peninsula Railway becomes a government owned company. The Network spread to the modern day states of Assam, /Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh and soon various Independent kingdoms began to have their own rail systems.

At the time of Independence about 40 per cent of the railways then passed through the newly independent republic of Pakistan. Hence, large number of lines had to be rerouted through Indian Territory.].

A total of forty-two separate railway systems, including thirty-two lines owned by the former Indian princely states existed at the time of independence spanning a total of 55,000 km route length.


Well the journey continued, and in 1982 the first tourist train of India, Palace on Wheels was introduced.

 In 1985 Steam Locomotives were phased out


1989 The train numbers were standardized to four digits.


1995 Entire railway system was computerized.

And in 2003 on line reservations started by IR.

 

 

Today, Indian Railways is one of the largest and busiest rail networks in the world, transporting 18 million passengers and 2 million tones of freight every day.

Traversing the length and breadth of the country covering 6,909 stations, over a total route length of more then 63,327 kmt. Creating revenue of 107.66 billion rupees and the largest employer of the world with 1.4 million commercial and utility workers.


Today, The Railways owns 50,000 coaches and 8000 locomotives

There are Two UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE Sits are on Indian Railways;
THE CHATRAPATI SHIVAJI TERMINUS IN BOMBAY, AND THE MOUNTAIN RAILWAYS OF INDIA


THE OTHER NOTABLE TRAINS OF INDIAN RAILWAYS ARE

The Palace on Wheels
Deccan Odessy
The golden Chariot
Samjhauta Express
Lifeline Express  - Hospital on Wheels
Fairy Queen
Himsagar Express
Rajdhani & Shatabdi Express


However, in the years Railways in collaboration with various state Governments have started some Luxury Tourist Trains after the big success of Palace on Wheels with Rajasthan Government. And these trains are;

The Palace on Wheels
Royal Rajasthan
Golden Chariot
Deccan Odessy
Maharaja Express